After the extinction of the dinosaurs, at the tertiary the caenozoic, the basin between the limestone alps in the south and the Danube in the north was filled up with sediments of the alps. Especially during the glacial periods the basin was filled up with silt, clay, sand and boulders by snow water and glaciers. So the northern foothills of the alps were generated as a inclined plane with an altitude difference of 300 meters. Holzkirchen in the south is higher than Moosburg in the north of the plane. As a result the ground water table in the south is deeper than in the north. Cognizable on the forests at the Munich south and the seas at the north of Munich.
The typical unsettled Munich weather has different causes, which all correlate here. The border between the atlantic and the continental climate zone, the River Danube as a meteorological divide and the alps nearby. Winter temperatures to -4 º Fahrenheit (-20 º Celsius) and summer temperatures to 93 º Fahrenheit (+34 º Celsius) are possible. At the average over the last 40 years the January temperature was 30 ºFahrenheit (-1 ºCelsius) and the August temperature was 66 º Fahrenheit (19 º Celsius). Munich is the most snowy major city in Germany. The current weather is in the box left beside this text. A klick on it opens the 4 day forecast. A worth mentioning meteorological condition in Munich is the foehn (lat. favonius = lukewarm wind). The natural draught from the south loose humidity by raining at the southern side of the alps. Through the drop down on the northern sloops the now dry wind warms up and arrange a nice distant view and a excuse for headache.
A the Petersbergl settled monks (german: Moenche) who were later patrons for the name Muenchen (Munich). The duke of Bavaria and Saxony, Henry the Lion let erected a bridge over the River Isar. Through the flourishing salt-deals, which came with the bridge, the Villa Munichen gets the right to hold markets, collect taxes and the coinage prerogative from the Emperor Barbarossa. Duke Ludwig the IV was German King and Emperor together. In his crest was a black eagle an a golden background. This is the source of our city colours: black and yellow. The black eagle on golden ground is till today component part of the official flag of Germany. The Habsburger occupied Munich as a result of the War of the Spanish Succession. 1749 the Registered Union of Choachman was founded. The Union still exist. The members nowadays are taxi owners. During the reign of King Ludwig I Munich was established as a city of art. Schwabing develops more and more to a Bohemian side of the town. After the great war and the Monarchy Munich was a soviet Republic. Already during the early twenties of the last century the Nationalsozialismus started to grow. Munich becomes to the "Hauptstadt der Bewegung". After the WW II 80% of the city center was destroyed by bombs. The reconstruction follows for the most part the conditions before the war. Munich develops to one of the leading areas for economic in Germany and Europe. Eight headquarters of 30 companies which are noticed in the DAX are in Munich. 1972 the XX. Olympic games took place in Munich. 1992 the new Munich airport MUC opened in the northeast of Munich. Nowadays the population of Munich is grown up to 1.370.000.
The companies are in the "Munich Mixture" interbranched from micro-, over medium-sized up to global players, national and international represented. 88.000 students on 11 universities and academies makes Munich to the second largest university place in Germany. Here are based the German (DPMA) and the European (EPA) Patent Office. After New York Munich is the second biggest media place worldwide. Here are examples of well known companies of different branches, which are located in Munich. Communication: Siemens, GeneralElectric, Google, Microsoft. Industry: BMW, MTU, EADS, Linde. Media: ProSiebenSat1, SonnyBMG, amazon.de Süddeutsche Zeitung, KabelDeutschland.Finance Services: MünchnerRück, Allianz, Hypovereinsbank. Biotech: Hexal, gsk, Bristol-Meyers-Squibb. At the areas Media and Biotech Clusters have been developed which reciprocal takes profit one another. The unemployment rate is 5,2 %, the lowest in Germany Analogy: Berlin 15,5 % and Hamburg 9,2 %). The purchasing power is with 26.301 € every resident per year the highest in Germany. (Analogy: Düsseldorf 22.226 € national average 19.003 €).
Our most tourists are from Austria, the USA, Canada, Russia and the Arabian Gulf states. 373 hotels, pensions, guesthouses and inns offers 50.258 beds for more than 9 millions overnight stays. The most noticeable group are our guests from the Arabian gulf states with 250.000 overnight stays during the summer months. The most journeys, 49%, are private. At the average the guest stays 2,2 days in Munich. The business volume generated from tourism was 6,2 milliards Euro in 2007.